Network neutrality rules are intended to ensure a level playing field for all, preventing Internet service providers from speeding up, slowing down or blocking access to certain sites or services. In a neutral network, for example, ISPs would not be allowed to charge customers more for streaming Netflix. In 2015, during the Obama administration, the Federal Communications Commission effectively included the principles of net neutrality in U.S. law with the Open the order online, to "ensure that Americans reap the economic, social, and civic benefits of an open Internet today and in the future."
Two years later, however, the new FCC president, Ajit Pai, began efforts to dismantle these rules, a process that came to a close in June 2018 after a 3-2 vote for the deregulation. The FCC stated when Pai announced his departure in late 2020 that the decision made U.S. communications networks "faster, stronger, and broader than ever," even though it was about a debate. Other reports claimed that the FCC had "drastically exaggerated" broadband deployment figures and used them. erroneous and inaccurate data in other reports.
Now the pendulum has begun to swing in the other direction. In a executive order signed today, U.S. President Joe Biden, Obama’s vice president, will recall, called for the restoration of net neutrality regulations.
"Large providers may use their power to block or discriminate online services in a discriminatory manner," the order says. "The FCC of the Obama-Biden administration adopted" Net Neutrality "rules that required these companies to treat all Internet services equally, but it was scrapped in 2017.
"In the order, the president encourages the FCC to restore net neutrality rules undone by the previous administration."
While Biden only “encourages” the FCC to take further action on net neutrality, it seems likely that something will happen on this front anyway. The current president of the FCC, appointed by Biden in January, is Jessica Rosenworcel, a Democrat and a staunch supporter of net neutrality who called for the decision to withdraw her. "a stain on the FCC", and said that the agency had shown a" disregard "for the public, a" contempt "for the citizens and a" contempt "for the popular opinion. Declaration of 2018 after a U.S. Senate vote to restore net neutrality, he said the FCC was "on the wrong side of history" and vowed to "keep raising the balance to support net neutrality ".
Rosenworcel, of course, expressed strong support for Biden's executive order, which welcomed the effort "to increase competition in the US economy and in the country's communications sector," as do FCC Commissioner Austin Bonner: "I applaud President Biden's support on these important issues," he said in his own statement.
The other two FCC commissioners, however, are far less enthusiastic. Adam Cassady said net neutrality "would be better achieved with one bipartisan effort in Congress, "while Brendar Carr said the order" hugs a look back, Obama's approach to Internet regulation—Something that would give pressure groups on Google, Facebook and Amazon the regulatory protections and price controls they had been looking for for a long time, doing nothing to address Silicon Valley's threats to freedom of expression. and the Internet is open ".
Pai, who retired in January (after the Internet worsened six times), hinted on Twitter that Biden's order undermines the FCC's independence.
Pai, a former Verizon associate general counsel, was a well-known opponent of net neutrality regulations when he was named president of the FCC by then-President Donald Trump. When the regulations were passed in 2015, he wrote a long one dissent calling the decision an "unprecedented attempt to replace (Internet) freedom with government control," and predicted that the courts would not allow "this illegal takeover" to continue. In fact, the courts of appeal confirmed the net neutrality of the FCC regulates in its entirety. Despite this, and surveys showing that the vast majority of U.S. citizens wanted to maintain net neutrality regulations, Pai noted his intention to dismantle them almost immediately after his appointment to the presidency.
In addition to calling for the restoration of net neutrality, Biden's executive order also calls on the FCC to prevent ISPs from entering into exclusive contracts with owners who place limits on the Internet. choice of tenant services; recover disclosures that were being developed during the Obama administration and require service providers to report prices and FCC subscription rates; and a. put limits on the "excessive early termination rates" that customers change as an ISP. It is also recommended that the Federal Trade Commission establish new rules on surveillance and data accumulation by Big Tech platforms.