Many users have had their enthusiasm for Windows 11 faded by the confusion surrounding their TPM 2.0 compatibility requirement. Running the Windows 11 PC health check (which has now been updated to report why your machine failed the test) has seen users confuse that their new, capable machine apparently can't run. the next Microsoft operating system.
This confusion has certainly not been helped by Microsoft itself, which had the system requirements online, detailing a soft, hard floor for Window 11. This was basically the difference between being able to install and not being advised. .
What is TPM 2.0?
What is TPM 2.0?
TPM stands for Trusted Platform Module, and its job is to protect the data used to authenticate the PC you are using. TPMs can be found on many different types of devices, but here we will focus on PCs. The TPM can also be used to maintain the integrity of the platform, facilitate disk encryption, store password and certificates, the list goes on.
TPM chips are useful, from a total system security perspective, and this is something Microsoft believes should be implemented with Windows 11.
While the Windows 11 TPM requirement has brought technology to the forefront, it's not a particularly new idea, and both Windows 10 and Windows 7 support TPM and have used it for a variety of functions. Windows 10 even goes so far as to say it’s a requirement, but it doesn’t really apply too much to the problem.
What raises the question, why?
Why is it a requirement for Windows 11?
Why is TPM 2.0 a requirement for Windows 11?
Windows is the most popular operating system in the world, and this has made it a relatively easy target for hackers. By making TPM 2.0 a requirement, Microsoft hopes to make the lives of hackers a little harder.
"Today we announce Windows 11 to increase security baselines with new built-in hardware security requirements that will give our customers the confidence that they are even more protected from chip to cloud on certified devices."
Do you already have it?
Does my PC already have TPM 2.0 support?
If your machine is relatively up-to-date (less than four years ago), there are many chances to do so, although pedants may argue whether this is true hardware TPM support or firmware-based TPM, which it basically offers your CPU. . Maybe you need to enable TPM 2.0 in your UEFI / BIOS, but chances are good.
Intel has several technologies that offer TPM 2.0 support, under various names, but watch out for Platform Trust Technology (PTT) and Identity Protection Technology (IPT) before attempting to enable TPM 2.0 in your UEFI / BIOS. Essentially, though, Intel has supported TPM 2.0 on all of its chips since Skylake and on selected chips up to two generations earlier.
AMD supports TPM 2.0 from the Ryzen 2500, with its fTPM (TPM Firmware). Thus, all Zen 2 and Zen 3 processors are also covered.
Microsoft has produced a complete list of supported CPUs, here it is Intel list and the AMD CPU a. If your processor is there, it’s good, or at least your CPU isn’t why Windows 11 refuses to play ball.
One option, if your CPU does not natively support TPM 2.0, is that you can add a standalone physical module to your machine to update its compatibility. Please refer to the motherboard manual to ensure that there is a SPI TPM 2.0 header, and then follow up on a compatible module. Your CPU will still need to be on this list, so if it isn't, there's no point in adding a separate TPM.
There are reports of climbers buying these modules, in which case it may be worth the wait; remember that Windows 11 should not run out until the end of the year. It's certainly not worth paying for the odds of a module you may not need. Upgrading to a newer CPU is probably a better use of your money.
How can I check if it is enabled?
How can I check if TPM 2.0 is enabled?
If you have turned on your PC's TPM in the BIOS, you can see what Windows Powershell is capable of. You'll need to run it in Administrator mode, which you can do by right-clicking the Start menu and selecting Windows PowerShell, and then typing get-tpm. The most important thing you want to check here is that it is present, ready and activated.
For a slightly nicer way to check it out, press (Win) + R and type tpm.msc in run windows before returning. You will find if you have TPM enabled and if you are working through this window, with the supported version at the bottom.
Needless to say, all the uncertainty about TPM 2.0 support is mainly focused on machines that you have made yourself and on gaming equipment tailored to boutique vendors. Laptops generally support TPM, as do many machines used in managed office environments. Of course, if you have any questions, you should run the PC Health Check tool and see what it says.
Could this ultimately mean that you will have to buy a new PC to run Windows 11? It could, and that seems like total madness right now. Microsoft needs a well-installed and healthy user base for its latest operating system, no matter what, and right now there seems to be a barrier to deterring potential upgrades.
Unless something changes, it looks like Windows 10 will remain the dominant operating system for years to come, which is frustrating for gamers, as DirectStorage does not currently work as exclusive to Windows 11.